1000 lietuvos dating
The exception to this trend began in the 1930s with a series of excavations undertaken by Mortimer Wheeler at Maiden Castle, Dorset.
From 1960 onwards, archaeologists shifted their attention to the interior of hill forts, re-examining their function.
With the emergence of oppida in the Late Iron Age, settlements could reach as large as 10,000 inhabitants.
As the population increased so did the complexity of prehistoric societies.
The terms "hill fort", "hill-fort" and "hillfort" are all used in the archaeological literature.
They all refer to an elevated site with one or more ramparts made of earth, stone and/or wood, with an external ditch.
The Romans occupied some forts, such as the military garrison at Hod Hill, and the temple at Brean Down, but others were destroyed and abandoned.
The dominant view since the 1960s has been that the increasing use of iron led to social changes in Britain.Hill forts were frequently occupied by conquering armies, but on other occasions the forts were destroyed, the local people forcibly evicted, and the forts left derelict.For example, Solsbury Hill was sacked and deserted during the Belgic invasions of southern Britain in the 1st century BC.Deposits of iron ore were located in different places to the tin and copper ore necessary to make bronze, and as a result trading patterns shifted and the old elites lost their economic and social status.
Power passed into the hands of a new group of people.Abandoned forts were sometimes reoccupied and refortified under renewed threat of foreign invasion, such as the Dukes' Wars in Lithuania, and the successive invasions of Britain by Romans, Saxons and Vikings.